eMediplan CHMED16AF Implementation Guide:

PrematureBaby

Formats: XML, JSON, Turtle

Summary

The official URL for this profile is:

http://chmed16af.emediplan.ch/fhir/StructureDefinition/chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby

Profile on Oberservation for Premature Baby

This profile builds on Observation.

This profile was published on Fri Oct 19 14:36:01 CEST 2018 as a draft by IG eMediplan.

Summary

Mandatory: 1 element
Fixed Value: 2 elements

Slices

This structure defines the following Slices:

  • The element Observation.code.coding is sliced based on the value of value:code

Yet to be done: xref

Differential

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation 0..*premature baby true only if age <= 18 months
... code 1..1CodeableConcept
.... coding CodingSlice: Unordered, Open by value:code
.... coding 0..*Coding
..... system 0..1uriFixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
..... code 0..1codeFixed Value: 395507008
... value[x] 1..1dateTime, boolean

doco Documentation for this format

Snapshot

NameFlagsCard.TypeDescription & Constraintsdoco
.. Observation I0..*premature baby true only if age <= 18 months
... id Σ0..1idLogical id of this artifact
... meta Σ0..1MetaMetadata about the resource
... implicitRules ?!Σ0..1uriA set of rules under which this content was created
... language 0..1codeLanguage of the resource content
Binding: Common Languages (extensible)
... text I0..1NarrativeText summary of the resource, for human interpretation
... contained 0..*ResourceContained, inline Resources
... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
... modifierExtension ?!0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
... identifier Σ0..*IdentifierBusiness Identifier for observation
... basedOn Σ0..*Reference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ProcedureRequest | ReferralRequest)Fulfills plan, proposal or order
... status ?!Σ1..1coderegistered | preliminary | final | amended +
Binding: ObservationStatus (required)
... category 0..*CodeableConceptClassification of type of observation
Binding: Observation Category Codes (preferred)
... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINC Codes (example)
.... id 0..1stringxml:id (or equivalent in JSON)
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
.... coding ΣCodingCode defined by a terminology system
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:code
.... coding Σ0..*CodingCode defined by a terminology system
..... id 0..1stringxml:id (or equivalent in JSON)
..... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
Slice: Unordered, Open by value:url
..... system Σ0..1uriIdentity of the terminology system
Fixed Value: http://snomed.info/sct
..... version Σ0..1stringVersion of the system - if relevant
..... code Σ0..1codeSymbol in syntax defined by the system
Fixed Value: 395507008
..... display Σ0..1stringRepresentation defined by the system
..... userSelected Σ0..1booleanIf this coding was chosen directly by the user
.... text Σ0..1stringPlain text representation of the concept
... subject Σ0..1Reference(Patient | Group | Device | Location)Who and/or what this is about
... context 0..1Reference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)Healthcare event during which this observation is made
... effective[x] Σ0..1dateTime, PeriodClinically relevant time/time-period for observation
... issued Σ0..1instantDate/Time this was made available
... performer Σ0..*Reference(Practitioner | Organization | Patient | RelatedPerson)Who is responsible for the observation
... value[x] ΣI1..1dateTime, booleanActual result
... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the result is missing
Binding: Observation Value Absent Reason (extensible)
... interpretation 0..1CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible)
... comment 0..1stringComments about result
... bodySite 0..1CodeableConceptObserved body part
Binding: SNOMED CT Body Structures (example)
... method 0..1CodeableConceptHow it was done
Binding: Observation Methods (example)
... specimen 0..1Reference(Specimen)Specimen used for this observation
... device 0..1Reference(Device | DeviceMetric)(Measurement) Device
... referenceRange I0..*BackboneElementProvides guide for interpretation
obs-3: Must have at least a low or a high or text
.... id 0..1stringxml:id (or equivalent in JSON)
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
.... low I0..1SimpleQuantityLow Range, if relevant
.... high I0..1SimpleQuantityHigh Range, if relevant
.... type 0..1CodeableConceptReference range qualifier
Binding: Observation Reference Range Meaning Codes (extensible)
.... appliesTo 0..*CodeableConceptReference range population
Binding: Observation Reference Range Applies To Codes (example)
.... age 0..1RangeApplicable age range, if relevant
.... text 0..1stringText based reference range in an observation
... related ΣI0..*BackboneElementResource related to this observation
.... id 0..1stringxml:id (or equivalent in JSON)
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
.... type 0..1codehas-member | derived-from | sequel-to | replaces | qualified-by | interfered-by
Binding: ObservationRelationshipType (required)
.... target 1..1Reference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | Sequence)Resource that is related to this one
... component ΣI0..*BackboneElementComponent results
.... id 0..1stringxml:id (or equivalent in JSON)
.... extension 0..*ExtensionAdditional Content defined by implementations
.... modifierExtension ?!Σ0..*ExtensionExtensions that cannot be ignored
.... code Σ1..1CodeableConceptType of component observation (code / type)
Binding: LOINC Codes (example)
.... value[x] Σ0..1Quantity, CodeableConcept, string, Range, Ratio, SampledData, Attachment, time, dateTime, PeriodActual component result
.... dataAbsentReason I0..1CodeableConceptWhy the component result is missing
Binding: Observation Value Absent Reason (extensible)
.... interpretation 0..1CodeableConceptHigh, low, normal, etc.
Binding: Observation Interpretation Codes (extensible)
.... referenceRange 0..*Unknown reference to #Observation.referenceRange
Provides guide for interpretation of component result

doco Documentation for this format

Terminology Bindings

Terminology Bindings

PathNameConformanceValueSet
Observation.languageCommon LanguagesextensibleCommon Languages
Observation.statusObservationStatusrequiredObservationStatus
Observation.categoryObservation Category CodespreferredObservation Category Codes
Observation.codeLOINC CodesexampleLOINC Codes
Observation.dataAbsentReasonObservation Value Absent ReasonextensibleObservation Value Absent Reason
Observation.interpretationObservation Interpretation CodesextensibleObservation Interpretation Codes
Observation.bodySiteSNOMED CT Body StructuresexampleSNOMED CT Body Structures
Observation.methodObservation MethodsexampleObservation Methods
Observation.referenceRange.typeObservation Reference Range Meaning CodesextensibleObservation Reference Range Meaning Codes
Observation.referenceRange.appliesToObservation Reference Range Applies To CodesexampleObservation Reference Range Applies To Codes
Observation.related.typeObservationRelationshipTyperequiredObservationRelationshipType
Observation.component.codeLOINC CodesexampleLOINC Codes
Observation.component.dataAbsentReasonObservation Value Absent ReasonextensibleObservation Value Absent Reason
Observation.component.interpretationObservation Interpretation CodesextensibleObservation Interpretation Codes

Invariants

Constraints

IdPathDetailsRequirements
dom-2ObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
: contained.contained.empty()
dom-1ObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain any narrative
: contained.text.empty()
dom-4ObservationIf a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
dom-3ObservationIf the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource
: contained.where(('#'+id in %resource.descendants().reference).not()).empty()
obs-7ObservationIf code is the same as a component code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present
: value.empty() or code!=component.code
obs-6ObservationdataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present
: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()
ele-1Observation.referenceRangeAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())
obs-3Observation.referenceRangeMust have at least a low or a high or text
: low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()
ele-1Observation.relatedAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())
ele-1Observation.componentAll FHIR elements must have a @value or children
: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())

Definitions

Observation
Definition

This profile defines how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.

Control0..*
Alternate NamesVital Signs, Measurement, Results, Tests
Comments

Used for simple observations such as device measurements, laboratory atomic results, vital signs, height, weight, smoking status, comments, etc. Other resources are used to provide context for observations such as lab reports, etc.

InvariantsDefined on this element
dom-1: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain any narrative (: contained.text.empty())
dom-2: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources (: contained.contained.empty())
dom-3: If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource (: contained.where(('#'+id in %resource.descendants().reference).not()).empty())
dom-4: If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated (: contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty())
obs-6: dataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present (: dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty())
obs-7: If code is the same as a component code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present (: value.empty() or code!=component.code)
Observation.id
Definition

The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.

Control0..1
Typeid
Comments

The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.

Observation.meta
Definition

The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content may not always be associated with version changes to the resource.

Control0..1
TypeMeta
Observation.implicitRules
Definition

A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Is Modifiertrue
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element.

This element is labelled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation.

Observation.language
Definition

The base language in which the resource is written.

Control0..1
BindingA human language.
The codes SHALL be taken from Common Languages; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
Typecode
Comments

Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).

Observation.text
Definition

A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource, and may be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: dom-1
TypeNarrative
Alternate Namesnarrative, html, xhtml, display
Comments

Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded in formation is added later.

Observation.contained
Definition

These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.

Control0..*
TypeResource
Alternate Namesinline resources, anonymous resources, contained resources
Comments

This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again.

Observation.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.identifier
Definition

A unique identifier assigned to this observation.

NoteThis is a business identifer, not a resource identifier (see discussion)
Control0..*
TypeIdentifier
Requirements

Allows observations to be distinguished and referenced.

Observation.basedOn
Definition

A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event.

Control0..*
TypeReference(CarePlan | DeviceRequest | ImmunizationRecommendation | MedicationRequest | NutritionOrder | ProcedureRequest | ReferralRequest)
Requirements

Allows tracing of authorization for the event and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted upon.

Alternate NamesFulfills
Observation.status
Definition

The status of the result value.

Control1..1
BindingCodes providing the status of an observation.
The codes SHALL be taken from ObservationStatus
Typecode
Is Modifiertrue
Requirements

Need to track the status of individual results. Some results are finalized before the whole report is finalized.

Comments

This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.

Observation.category
Definition

A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.

Control0..*
BindingCodes for high level observation categories.
The codes SHOULD be taken from Observation Category Codes
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

Used for filtering what observations are retrieved and displayed.

Comments

In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once. The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set.

Observation.code
Definition

Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation "name".

Control1..1
BindingCodes identifying names of simple observations.
For example codes, see LOINC Codes
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation.

Alternate NamesName
Observation.code.id
Definition

unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.code.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.code.coding
Definition

A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

Control0..*
TypeCoding
Requirements

Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system. Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings.

Comments

Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information. Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

Observation.code.coding(snomedlmstcode)
Definition

A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.

Control0..*
TypeCoding
Requirements

Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system. Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings.

Comments

Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information. Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.

Observation.code.coding.id
Definition

unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.code.coding.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.code.coding.system
Definition

The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.

Control0..1
Typeuri
Requirements

Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.

Comments

The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...). OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.

Fixed Valuehttp://snomed.info/sct
Observation.code.coding.version
Definition

The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.

NoteThis is a business versionId, not a resource version id (see discussion)
Control0..1
Typestring
Comments

Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.

Observation.code.coding.code
Definition

A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).

Control0..1
Typecode
Requirements

Need to refer to a particular code in the system.

Fixed Value395507008
Observation.code.coding.display
Definition

A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.

Control0..1
Typestring
Requirements

Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know the system.

Observation.code.coding.userSelected
Definition

Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).

Control0..1
Typeboolean
Requirements

This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.

Comments

Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.

Observation.code.text
Definition

A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.

Control0..1
Typestring
Requirements

The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source.

Comments

Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.

Observation.subject
Definition

The patient, or group of patients, location, or device whose characteristics (direct or indirect) are described by the observation and into whose record the observation is placed. Comments: Indirect characteristics may be those of a specimen, fetus, donor, other observer (for example a relative or EMT), or any observation made about the subject.

Control0..1
TypeReference(Patient | Group | Device | Location)
Requirements

Observations have no value if you don't know who or what they're about.

Comments

One would expect this element to be a cardinality of 1..1. The only circumstance in which the subject can be missing is when the observation is made by a device that does not know the patient. In this case, the observation SHALL be matched to a patient through some context/channel matching technique, and at this point, the observation should be updated.

If the target of the observation is different than the subject, the general extension observation-focal-subject. may be used. However, the distinction between the patient's own value for an observation versus that of the fetus, or the donor or blood product unit, etc., are often specified in the observation code.

Observation.context
Definition

The healthcare event (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made.

Control0..1
TypeReference(Encounter | EpisodeOfCare)
Requirements

For some observations it may be important to know the link between an observation and a particular encounter.

Alternate NamesEncounter
Comments

This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter or episode but still be tied to the context of the encounter or episode (e.g. pre-admission lab tests).

Observation.effective[x]
Definition

The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the "physiologically relevant time". This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself.

Control0..1
TypeChoice of: dateTime, Period
[x] NoteSee Choice of Data Types for further information about how to use [x]
Requirements

Knowing when an observation was deemed true is important to its relevance as well as determining trends.

Alternate NamesOccurrence
Comments

At least a date should be present unless this observation is a historical report.

Observation.issued
Definition

The date and time this observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified.

Control0..1
Typeinstant
Comments

Updated when the result is updated.

Observation.performer
Definition

Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as "true".

Control0..*
TypeReference(Practitioner | Organization | Patient | RelatedPerson)
Requirements

May give a degree of confidence in the observation and also indicates where follow-up questions should be directed.

Observation.value[x]
Definition

The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.

Control1..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: obs-7
TypeChoice of: dateTime, boolean
[x] NoteSee Choice of Data Types for further information about how to use [x]
Requirements

An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations.

Comments

Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. This element has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueString, valueBoolean, valueRange, valueRatio, valueSampledData, valueAttachment, valueTime, valueDateTime, or valuePeriod. (The name format is "'value' + the type name" with a capital on the first letter of the type).

If the data element is usually coded or if the type associated with the Observation.value defines a coded value, use CodeableConcept instead of string datatype even if the value is uncoded text. A value set is bound to the ValueCodeableConcept element. For further discussion and examples see the notes section below.

Observation.dataAbsentReason
Definition

Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: obs-6
BindingCodes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.
The codes SHALL be taken from Observation Value Absent Reason; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements.

Comments

Null or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations. One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value. For example, measurement values for a serology test could be "detected", "not detected", "inconclusive", or "specimen unsatisfactory". The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values. For example, the dataAbsentReason code "error" could be used when the measurement was not completed. Note that an observation may only be reported if there are values to report. For example differential cell counts values may be reported only when > 0. Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for null or exceptional values.

Observation.interpretation
Definition

The assessment made based on the result of the observation. Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag.

Control0..1
BindingCodes identifying interpretations of observations.
The codes SHALL be taken from Observation Interpretation Codes; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.

Alternate NamesAbnormal Flag
Observation.comment
Definition

May include statements about significant, unexpected or unreliable values, or information about the source of the value where this may be relevant to the interpretation of the result.

Control0..1
Typestring
Requirements

Need to be able to provide free text additional information.

Observation.bodySite
Definition

Indicates the site on the subject's body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site).

Control0..1
BindingCodes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.
For example codes, see SNOMED CT Body Structures
TypeCodeableConcept
Comments

Only used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code. In many systems, this may be represented as a related observation instead of an inline component. If the use case requires BodySite to be handled as a separate resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension body-site-instance.

Observation.method
Definition

Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation.

Control0..1
BindingMethods for simple observations.
For example codes, see Observation Methods
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

In some cases, method can impact results and is thus used for determining whether results can be compared or determining significance of results.

Comments

Only used if not implicit in code for Observation.code.

Observation.specimen
Definition

The specimen that was used when this observation was made.

Control0..1
TypeReference(Specimen)
Comments

Should only be used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code. Observations are not made on specimens themselves; they are made on a subject, but in many cases by the means of a specimen. Note that although specimens are often involved, they are not always tracked and reported explicitly. Also note that observation resources may be used in contexts that track the specimen explicitly (e.g. Diagnostic Report).

Observation.device
Definition

The device used to generate the observation data.

Control0..1
TypeReference(Device | DeviceMetric)
Comments

An extension should be used if further typing of the device is needed. Devices used to support obtaining an observation can be represented using either an extension or through the Observation.related element.

Observation.referenceRange
Definition

Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.

Control0..*
TypeBackboneElement
Requirements

Knowing what values are considered "normal" can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts.

Comments

Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count()))
obs-3: Must have at least a low or a high or text (: low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists())
Observation.referenceRange.id
Definition

unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.referenceRange.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.referenceRange.low
Definition

The value of the low bound of the reference range. The low bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g. reference range is >=5 - <=9). If the low bound is omitted, it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is <=2.3).

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: obs-3
TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
Observation.referenceRange.high
Definition

The value of the high bound of the reference range. The high bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g. reference range is >=5 - <=9). If the high bound is omitted, it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is >= 2.3).

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: obs-3
TypeQuantity(SimpleQuantity)
Observation.referenceRange.type
Definition

Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range.

Control0..1
BindingCode for the meaning of a reference range.
The codes SHALL be taken from Observation Reference Range Meaning Codes; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

Need to be able to say what kind of reference range this is - normal, recommended, therapeutic, etc, - for proper interpretation.

Comments

This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range. If this element is not present then the normal range is assumed.

Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo
Definition

Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to. For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race.

Control0..*
BindingCodes identifying the population the reference range applies to.
For example codes, see Observation Reference Range Applies To Codes
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

Need to be able to identify the target population for proper interpretation.

Comments

This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range. If this element is not present then the normal population is assumed.

Observation.referenceRange.age
Definition

The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so.

Control0..1
TypeRange
Requirements

Some analytes vary greatly over age.

Observation.referenceRange.text
Definition

Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation. An example would be a reference value of "Negative" or a list or table of 'normals'.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.related
Definition

A reference to another resource (usually another Observation) whose relationship is defined by the relationship type code.

Control0..*
TypeBackboneElement
Requirements

Normally, an observation will have either a value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and a set of related observations or sometimes a QuestionnaireResponse from which the measure is derived.

Comments

For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together see Notes below.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count()))
Observation.related.id
Definition

unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.related.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.related.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.related.type
Definition

A code specifying the kind of relationship that exists with the target resource.

Control0..1
BindingCodes specifying how two observations are related.
The codes SHALL be taken from ObservationRelationshipType
Typecode
Requirements

A relationship type SHOULD be provided.

Comments

The "derived-from" type is the only logical choice when referencing the QuestionnaireAnswer resource.

Observation.related.target
Definition

A reference to the observation or QuestionnaireResponse resource that is related to this observation.

Control1..1
TypeReference(Observation | QuestionnaireResponse | Sequence)
Observation.component
Definition

Some observations have multiple component observations. These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes. Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations.

Control0..*
TypeBackboneElement
Requirements

Component observations share the same attributes in the Observation resource as the primary observation and are always treated a part of a single observation (they are not separable). However, the reference range for the primary observation value is not inherited by the component values and is required when appropriate for each component observation.

Comments

For a discussion on the ways Observations can be assembled in groups together see Notes below.

InvariantsDefined on this element
ele-1: All FHIR elements must have a @value or children (: hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count()))
Observation.component.id
Definition

unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.

Control0..1
Typestring
Observation.component.extension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Alternate Namesextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.component.modifierExtension
Definition

May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.

Control0..*
TypeExtension
Is Modifiertrue
Alternate Namesextensions, user content, modifiers
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Observation.component.code
Definition

Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation "code".

Control1..1
BindingCodes identifying names of simple observations.
For example codes, see LOINC Codes
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation.

Observation.component.value[x]
Definition

The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.

Control0..1
TypeChoice of: Quantity, CodeableConcept, string, Range, Ratio, SampledData, Attachment, time, dateTime, Period
[x] NoteSee Choice of Data Types for further information about how to use [x]
Requirements

An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations.

Comments

Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. A CodeableConcept with just a text would be used instead of a string if the field was usually coded, or if the type associated with the Observation.code defines a coded value. For boolean values use valueCodeableConcept and select codes from <http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/v2-0136> (these "yes/no" concepts can be mapped to the display name "true/false" or other mutually exclusive terms that may be needed"). The element, Observation.value[x], has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueRatio, valueChoice, valuePeriod, valueSampleData, or valueString (the name format is "'value' + the type name" with a capital on the first letter of the type).

Observation.component.dataAbsentReason
Definition

Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.

Control0..1 This element is affected by the following invariants: obs-6
BindingCodes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.
The codes SHALL be taken from Observation Value Absent Reason; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements.

Comments

"Null" or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations. One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value. For example, measurement values for a serology test could be "detected", "not detected", "inconclusive", or "test not done". The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values. For example, the dataAbsentReason code "error" could be used when the measurement was not completed. Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for exceptional values.

Observation.component.interpretation
Definition

The assessment made based on the result of the observation. Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag.

Control0..1
BindingCodes identifying interpretations of observations.
The codes SHALL be taken from Observation Interpretation Codes; other codes may be used where these codes are not suitable
TypeCodeableConcept
Requirements

For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.

Alternate NamesAbnormal Flag
Comments

The component interpretation applies only to the individual component value. For an overall interpretation all components together use thes Observation.interpretation element.

Observation.component.referenceRange
Definition

Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.

Control0..*
TypeSee Observation.referenceRange
Requirements

Knowing what values are considered "normal" can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts.

Comments

Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.

Mappings

Mappings for Mapping to CHMED16A (http://emediplan.ch/chmed16a)

PrematureBaby
Observation
   value[x]MedicalData.Prem

Mappings for Workflow Mapping (http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow)

PrematureBaby
ObservationEvent
   identifierEvent.identifier
   basedOnEvent.basedOn
   statusEvent.status
   codeEvent.code
   subjectEvent.subject
   contextEvent.context
   effective[x]Event.occurrence[x]
   performerEvent.performer
   value[x]Event.notDone, Event.notDoneReason (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)
   dataAbsentReasonEvent.notDone, Event.notDoneReason (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)
   commentEvent.note

Mappings for SNOMED CT Concept Domain Binding (http://snomed.info/conceptdomain)

PrematureBaby
Observation< 363787002 |Observable entity|
   status< 445584004 |Report by finality status|
   code< 363787002 |Observable entity| OR < 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|
   value[x]< 441742003 |Evaluation finding|
   interpretation< 260245000 |Findings values|
   bodySite< 123037004 |Body structure|
   specimen< 123038009 |Specimen|
   device< 49062001 |Device|
   referenceRange
      type< 260245000 |Findings values| OR < 365860008 |General clinical state finding| OR < 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR < 415229000 |Racial group| OR < 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR < 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|
      appliesTo< 260245000 |Findings values| OR < 365860008 |General clinical state finding| OR < 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR < 415229000 |Racial group| OR < 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR < 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|
   component
      code< 363787002 |Observable entity| OR < 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|
      value[x]363714003 |Interprets| < 441742003 |Evaluation finding|
      interpretation< 260245000 |Findings values|

Mappings for HL7 v2 Mapping (http://hl7.org/v2)

PrematureBaby
ObservationOBX
   identifierOBX.21 For OBX segments from systems without OBX-21 support a combination of ORC/OBR and OBX must be negotiated between trading partners to uniquely identify the OBX segment. Depending on how V2 has been implemented each of these may be an option: 1) OBR-3 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) OBR-3 + OBR-4 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) some other way to uniquely ID the OBR/ORC + OBX-3 + OBX-4.
   basedOnORC
   statusOBX-11
   codeOBX-3
      codingC*E.1-8, C*E.10-22
      coding (snomedlmstcode)C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22
         systemC*E.3
         versionC*E.7
         codeC*E.1
         displayC*E.2 - but note this is not well followed
         userSelectedSometimes implied by being first
      textC*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this
   subjectPID-3
   contextPV1
   effective[x]OBX-14, and/or OBX-19 after v2.4 (depends on who observation made)
   issuedOBR.22 (or MSH.7), or perhaps OBX-19 (depends on who observation made)
   performerOBX.15 / (Practitioner) OBX-16, PRT-5:PRT-4='RO' / (Device) OBX-18 , PRT-10:PRT-4='EQUIP' / (Organization) OBX-23, PRT-8:PRT-4='PO'
   value[x]OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6
   dataAbsentReasonN/A
   interpretationOBX-8
   commentNTE.3 (partner NTE to OBX, or sometimes another (child?) OBX)
   bodySiteOBX-20
   methodOBX-17
   specimenSPM segment
   deviceOBX-17 / PRT -10
   referenceRangeOBX.7
      lowOBX-7
      highOBX-7
      typeOBX-10
      appliesToOBX-10
      textOBX-7
   relatedRelationships established by OBX-4 usage
      typeN/A
   componentcontainment by OBX-4?
      codeOBX-3
      value[x]OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6
      dataAbsentReasonN/A
      interpretationOBX-8
      referenceRangeOBX.7

Mappings for RIM Mapping (http://hl7.org/v3)

PrematureBaby
ObservationEntity. Role, or Act
   textAct.text?
   containedN/A
   extensionN/A
   modifierExtensionN/A
   identifierid
   basedOn.outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target
   statusstatus Amended & Final are differentiated by whether it is the subject of a ControlAct event with a type of "revise"
   category.outboundRelationship[typeCode="COMP].target[classCode="LIST", moodCode="EVN"].code
   codecode
      idn/a
      extensionn/a
      codingunion(., ./translation)
      coding (snomedlmstcode)union(., ./translation)
         idn/a
         extensionn/a
         system./codeSystem
         version./codeSystemVersion
         code./code
         displayCV.displayName
         userSelectedCD.codingRationale
      text./originalText[mediaType/code="text/plain"]/data
   subjectparticipation[typeCode=SBJ]
   contextinboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=ENC, moodCode=EVN]
   effective[x]effectiveTime
   issuedparticipation[typeCode=AUT].time
   performerparticipation[typeCode=PRF]
   value[x]value
   dataAbsentReasonvalue.nullFlavor
   interpretationinterpretationCode
   commentsubjectOf.observationEvent[code="annotation"].value
   bodySitetargetSiteCode
   methodmethodCode
   specimenparticipation[typeCode=SPC].specimen
   deviceparticipation[typeCode=DEV]
   referenceRangeoutboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]
      idn/a
      extensionn/a
      modifierExtensionN/A
      lowvalue:IVL_PQ.low
      highvalue:IVL_PQ.high
      typeinterpretationCode
      appliesTointerpretationCode
      ageoutboundRelationship[typeCode=PRCN].targetObservationCriterion[code="age"].value
      textvalue:ST
   relatedoutBoundRelationship
      idn/a
      extensionn/a
      modifierExtensionN/A
      type.typeCode
      target.targetObservation
   componentoutBoundRelationship[typeCode=COMP]
      idn/a
      extensionn/a
      modifierExtensionN/A
      codecode
      value[x]value
      dataAbsentReasonvalue.nullFlavor
      interpretationinterpretationCode
      referenceRangeoutboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]

Mappings for W5 Mapping (http://hl7.org/fhir/w5)

PrematureBaby
Observationclinical.diagnostics
   identifierid
   statusstatus
   categoryclass
   codewhat
   subjectwho.focus
   contextcontext
   effective[x]when.done
   issuedwhen.recorded
   performerwho.actor
   component
      codewhat

Mappings for SNOMED CT Attribute Binding (http://snomed.info/sct)

PrematureBaby
Observation
   code116680003 |Is a|
   value[x]363714003 |Interprets|
   interpretation363713009 |Has interpretation|
   bodySite718497002 |Inherent location|
   specimen704319004 |Inherent in|
   device424226004 |Using device|
   component
      value[x]363714003 |Interprets|
      interpretation363713009 |Has interpretation|


<StructureDefinition xmlns="http://hl7.org/fhir">
  <id value="chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby"/>
  <text>
    <status value="generated"/>
    <div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.">Observation</span><a name="Observation"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">premature baby true only if age &lt;= 18 months<br/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">code</span><a name="Observation.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck112.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> <span style="font-style: italic" title="null">coding</span><a name="Observation.code.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4; font-style: italic" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold; font-style: italic">Slice: </span><span style="font-style: italic">Unordered, Open by value:code</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck105.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Slice snomedlmstcode: null">coding</span><a name="Observation.code.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1050.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">system</span><a name="Observation.code.coding.system"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#uri">uri</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">http://snomed.info/sct</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1040.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">code</span><a name="Observation.code.coding.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">395507008</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_choice.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Choice of Types" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">value[x]</span><a name="Observation.value_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a>, <a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#boolean">boolean</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>
  </text>
  <url
       value="http://chmed16af.emediplan.ch/fhir/StructureDefinition/chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby"/>
  <version value="1.0.0"/>
  <name value="PrematureBaby"/>
  <title value="Premature baby"/>
  <status value="draft"/>
  <date value="2018-10-19T14:36:01+02:00"/>
  <publisher value="IG eMediplan"/>
  <contact>
    <telecom>
      <system value="url"/>
      <value value="http://www.emediplan.ch"/>
    </telecom>
  </contact>
  <description value="Profile on Oberservation for Premature Baby"/>
  <fhirVersion value="3.0.1"/>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="CHMED16A"/>
    <uri value="http://emediplan.ch/chmed16a"/>
    <name value="Mapping to CHMED16A"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="workflow"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow"/>
    <name value="Workflow Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="sct-concept"/>
    <uri value="http://snomed.info/conceptdomain"/>
    <name value="SNOMED CT Concept Domain Binding"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="v2"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v2"/>
    <name value="HL7 v2 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="rim"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/v3"/>
    <name value="RIM Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="w5"/>
    <uri value="http://hl7.org/fhir/w5"/>
    <name value="W5 Mapping"/>
  </mapping>
  <mapping>
    <identity value="sct-attr"/>
    <uri value="http://snomed.info/sct"/>
    <name value="SNOMED CT Attribute Binding"/>
  </mapping>
  <kind value="resource"/>
  <abstract value="false"/>
  <type value="Observation"/>
  <baseDefinition value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
  <derivation value="constraint"/>
  <snapshot>
    <element id="Observation">
      <path value="Observation"/>
      <short value="premature baby true only if age &lt;= 18 months"/>
      <definition
                  value="This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code."/>
      <comment
               value="Used for simple observations such as device measurements, laboratory atomic results, vital signs, height, weight, smoking status, comments, etc.  Other resources are used to provide context for observations such as lab reports, etc."/>
      <alias value="Vital Signs"/>
      <alias value="Measurement"/>
      <alias value="Results"/>
      <alias value="Tests"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-2"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources"/>
        <expression value="contained.contained.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)"/>
        <source value="DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain any narrative"/>
        <expression value="contained.text.empty()"/>
        <xpath value="not(parent::f:contained and f:text)"/>
        <source value="DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-4"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))"/>
        <source value="DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="dom-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource"/>
        <expression
                    value="contained.where((&#39;#&#39;+id in %resource.descendants().reference).not()).empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/@id return $id[not(ancestor::f:contained/parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat(&#39;#&#39;, $id))]))"/>
        <source value="DomainResource"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-7"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="If code is the same as a component code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present"/>
        <expression value="value.empty() or code!=component.code"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), &#39;value&#39;)])) or not(count(for $coding in f:code/f:coding return parent::*/f:component/f:code/f:coding[f:code/@value=$coding/f:code/@value and f:system/@value=$coding/f:system/@value])=0)"/>
        <source value="Observation"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-6"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human
               value="dataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present"/>
        <expression value="dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()"/>
        <xpath
               value="not(exists(f:dataAbsentReason)) or (not(exists(*[starts-with(local-name(.), &#39;value&#39;)])))"/>
        <source value="Observation"/>
      </constraint>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Entity. Role, or Act"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Observation[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="clinical.diagnostics"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.id">
      <path value="Observation.id"/>
      <short value="Logical id of this artifact"/>
      <definition
                  value="The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes."/>
      <comment
               value="The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="id"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.meta">
      <path value="Observation.meta"/>
      <short value="Metadata about the resource"/>
      <definition
                  value="The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content may not always be associated with version changes to the resource."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.meta"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Meta"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.implicitRules">
      <path value="Observation.implicitRules"/>
      <short value="A set of rules under which this content was created"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content."/>
      <comment
               value="Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. 

This element is labelled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it&#39;s meaning or interpretation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.implicitRules"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.language">
      <path value="Observation.language"/>
      <short value="Language of the resource content"/>
      <definition value="The base language in which the resource is written."/>
      <comment
               value="Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource  Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Resource.language"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet">
          <valueReference>
            <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"/>
          </valueReference>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="Language"/>
        </extension>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding">
          <valueBoolean value="true"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="A human language."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.text">
      <path value="Observation.text"/>
      <short value="Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource, and may be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it &quot;clinically safe&quot; for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety."/>
      <comment
               value="Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a &quot;text blob&quot; or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded in formation is added later."/>
      <alias value="narrative"/>
      <alias value="html"/>
      <alias value="xhtml"/>
      <alias value="display"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Narrative"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="dom-1"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="Act.text?"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.contained">
      <path value="Observation.contained"/>
      <short value="Contained, inline Resources"/>
      <definition
                  value="These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope."/>
      <comment
               value="This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again."/>
      <alias value="inline resources"/>
      <alias value="anonymous resources"/>
      <alias value="contained resources"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.contained"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Resource"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.extension">
      <path value="Observation.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="DomainResource.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.identifier">
      <path value="Observation.identifier"/>
      <short value="Business Identifier for observation"/>
      <definition value="A unique identifier assigned to this observation."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows observations to be distinguished and referenced."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.identifier"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Identifier"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.identifier"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX.21  For OBX segments from systems without OBX-21 support a combination of ORC/OBR and OBX must be negotiated between trading partners to uniquely identify the OBX segment. Depending on how V2 has been implemented each of these may be an option: 1) OBR-3 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) OBR-3 + OBR-4 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) some other way to uniquely ID the OBR/ORC + OBX-3 + OBX-4."/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="id"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.basedOn">
      <path value="Observation.basedOn"/>
      <short value="Fulfills plan, proposal or order"/>
      <definition
                  value="A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows tracing of authorization for the event and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted upon."/>
      <alias value="Fulfills"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.basedOn"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DeviceRequest"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImmunizationRecommendation"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MedicationRequest"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/NutritionOrder"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ProcedureRequest"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ReferralRequest"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.basedOn"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="ORC"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.status">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-display-hint">
        <valueString value="default: final"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.status"/>
      <short value="registered | preliminary | final | amended +"/>
      <definition value="The status of the result value."/>
      <comment
               value="This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to track the status of individual results. Some results are finalized before the whole report is finalized."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.status"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationStatus"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Codes providing the status of an observation."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.status"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 445584004 |Report by finality status|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-11"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="status  Amended &amp; Final are differentiated by whether it is the subject of a ControlAct event with a type of &quot;revise&quot;"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="status"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.category">
      <path value="Observation.category"/>
      <short value="Classification of  type of observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A code that classifies the general type of observation being made."/>
      <comment
               value="In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once.  The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Used for filtering what observations are retrieved and displayed."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.category"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCategory"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="preferred"/>
        <description value="Codes for high level observation categories."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-category"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value=".outboundRelationship[typeCode=&quot;COMP].target[classCode=&quot;LIST&quot;, moodCode=&quot;EVN&quot;].code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="class"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code">
      <path value="Observation.code"/>
      <short value="Type of observation (code / type)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;name&quot;."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation."/>
      <alias value="Name"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCode"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Codes identifying names of simple observations."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-codes"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity| OR &lt; 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="116680003 |Is a|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="what"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.id">
      <path value="Observation.code.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.extension">
      <path value="Observation.code.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="code"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Code defined by a terminology system"/>
      <definition value="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system."/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system.  Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.coding"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="union(., ./translation)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <sliceName value="snomedlmstcode"/>
      <short value="Code defined by a terminology system"/>
      <definition value="A reference to a code defined by a terminology system."/>
      <comment
               value="Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system.  Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.coding"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Coding"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="union(., ./translation)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.id">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.extension">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.extension"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="url"/>
        </discriminator>
        <description value="Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.system">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.system"/>
      <short value="Identity of the terminology system"/>
      <definition
                  value="The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code."/>
      <comment
               value="The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7&#39;s list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.system"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <fixedUri value="http://snomed.info/sct"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.version">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.version"/>
      <short value="Version of the system - if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged."/>
      <comment
               value="Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.version"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.code">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.code"/>
      <short value="Symbol in syntax defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination)."/>
      <requirements value="Need to refer to a particular code in the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.code"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <fixedCode value="395507008"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map value="fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.display">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.display"/>
      <short value="Representation defined by the system"/>
      <definition
                  value="A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.display"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CV.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.userSelected">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.userSelected"/>
      <short value="If this coding was chosen directly by the user"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays)."/>
      <comment
               value="Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly &#39;directly chosen&#39; implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely."/>
      <requirements
                    value="This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Coding.userSelected"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Sometimes implied by being first"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="CD.codingRationale"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\#true a [     fhir:source &quot;true&quot;;     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\#O   ]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.text">
      <extension
                 url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable">
        <valueBoolean value="true"/>
      </extension>
      <path value="Observation.code.text"/>
      <short value="Plain text representation of the concept"/>
      <definition
                  value="A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user."/>
      <comment
               value="Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings."/>
      <requirements
                    value="The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="CodeableConcept.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="C*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="./originalText[mediaType/code=&quot;text/plain&quot;]/data"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="orim"/>
        <map
             value="fhir:CodeableConcept.text rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.originalText"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.subject">
      <path value="Observation.subject"/>
      <short value="Who and/or what this is about"/>
      <definition
                  value="The patient, or group of patients, location, or device whose characteristics (direct or indirect) are described by the observation and into whose record the observation is placed.  Comments: Indirect characteristics may be those of a specimen, fetus, donor,  other observer (for example a relative or EMT), or any observation made about the subject."/>
      <comment
               value="One would expect this element to be a cardinality  of 1..1.  The only circumstance in which the subject can be missing is when the observation is made by a device that does not know the patient. In this case, the observation SHALL be matched to a patient through some context/channel matching technique, and at this point, the observation should be updated.

If the target of the observation is different than the subject, the general extension [observation-focal-subject](extension-observation-focal-subject.html).  may be used.  However, the distinction between the patient&#39;s own value for an observation versus that of the fetus, or the donor or blood product unit, etc., are often specified in the observation code."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Observations have no value if you don&#39;t know who or what they&#39;re about."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.subject"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Location"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.subject"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PID-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SBJ]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="who.focus"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.context">
      <path value="Observation.context"/>
      <short value="Healthcare event during which this observation is made"/>
      <definition
                  value="The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made."/>
      <comment
               value="This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter or episode but still be tied to the context of the encounter or episode (e.g. pre-admission lab tests)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some observations it may be important to know the link between an observation and a particular encounter."/>
      <alias value="Encounter"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.context"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/EpisodeOfCare"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.context"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="PV1"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=ENC, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="context"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.effective[x]">
      <path value="Observation.effective[x]"/>
      <short value="Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the &quot;physiologically relevant time&quot;. This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself."/>
      <comment
               value="At least a date should be present unless this observation is a historical report."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing when an observation was deemed true is important to its relevance as well as determining trends."/>
      <alias value="Occurrence"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.effective[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.occurrence[x]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX-14, and/or OBX-19 after v2.4  (depends on who observation made)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="effectiveTime"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="when.done"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.issued">
      <path value="Observation.issued"/>
      <short value="Date/Time this was made available"/>
      <definition
                  value="The date and time this observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified."/>
      <comment value="Updated when the result is updated."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.issued"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="instant"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBR.22 (or MSH.7), or perhaps OBX-19 (depends on who observation made)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=AUT].time"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="when.recorded"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.performer">
      <path value="Observation.performer"/>
      <short value="Who is responsible for the observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as &quot;true&quot;."/>
      <requirements
                    value="May give a degree of confidence in the observation and also indicates where follow-up questions should be directed."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.performer"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.performer"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="OBX.15 / (Practitioner)  OBX-16,  PRT-5:PRT-4=&#39;RO&#39; /  (Device)  OBX-18 , PRT-10:PRT-4=&#39;EQUIP&#39; / (Organization)  OBX-23,  PRT-8:PRT-4=&#39;PO&#39;"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=PRF]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="who.actor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <short value="Actual result"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value."/>
      <comment
               value="Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. This element has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueString, valueBoolean, valueRange, valueRatio, valueSampledData, valueAttachment, valueTime, valueDateTime, or valuePeriod. (The name format is &quot;&#39;value&#39; + the type name&quot; with a capital on the first letter of the type).


If the data element is usually coded or if the type associated with the Observation.value defines a coded value, use CodeableConcept instead of string datatype even if the value is uncoded text.  A value set is bound to the ValueCodeableConcept element.    For further discussion and examples see the  [notes section](observation.html#notes) below."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-7"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map
             value="Event.notDone, Event.notDoneReason  (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="CHMED16A"/>
        <map value="MedicalData.Prem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.dataAbsentReason">
      <path value="Observation.dataAbsentReason"/>
      <short value="Why the result is missing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing."/>
      <comment
               value="Null or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  &quot;detected&quot;, &quot;not detected&quot;, &quot;inconclusive&quot;, or  &quot;specimen unsatisfactory&quot;.   The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code &quot;error&quot; could be used when the measurement was not completed. Note that an observation may only be reported if there are values to report. For example differential cell counts values may be reported only when &gt; 0.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for null or exceptional values."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.dataAbsentReason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-6"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationValueAbsentReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-valueabsentreason"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map
             value="Event.notDone, Event.notDoneReason  (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value.nullFlavor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.interpretation">
      <path value="Observation.interpretation"/>
      <short value="High, low, normal, etc."/>
      <definition
                  value="The assessment made based on the result of the observation.  Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result."/>
      <alias value="Abnormal Flag"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.interpretation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationInterpretation"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="Codes identifying interpretations of observations."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363713009 |Has interpretation|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.comment">
      <path value="Observation.comment"/>
      <short value="Comments about result"/>
      <definition
                  value="May include statements about significant, unexpected or unreliable values, or information about the source of the value where this may be relevant to the interpretation of the result."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to provide free text additional information."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.comment"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="workflow"/>
        <map value="Event.note"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map
             value="NTE.3 (partner NTE to OBX, or sometimes another (child?) OBX)"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="subjectOf.observationEvent[code=&quot;annotation&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.bodySite">
      <path value="Observation.bodySite"/>
      <short value="Observed body part"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the site on the subject&#39;s body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site)."/>
      <comment
               value="Only used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code.  In many systems, this may be represented as a related observation instead of an inline component.   If the use case requires BodySite to be handled as a separate resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension[ body-site-instance](extension-body-site-instance.html)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.bodySite"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="BodySite"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/body-site"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 123037004 |Body structure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-20"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="targetSiteCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="718497002 |Inherent location|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.method">
      <path value="Observation.method"/>
      <short value="How it was done"/>
      <definition
                  value="Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation."/>
      <comment value="Only used if not implicit in code for Observation.code."/>
      <requirements
                    value="In some cases, method can impact results and is thus used for determining whether results can be compared or determining significance of results."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.method"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationMethod"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Methods for simple observations."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-methods"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-17"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="methodCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.specimen">
      <path value="Observation.specimen"/>
      <short value="Specimen used for this observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="The specimen that was used when this observation was made."/>
      <comment
               value="Should only be used if not implicit in code found in `Observation.code`.  Observations are not made on specimens themselves; they are made on a subject, but in many cases by the means of a specimen. Note that although specimens are often involved, they are not always tracked and reported explicitly. Also note that observation resources may be used in contexts that track the specimen explicitly (e.g. Diagnostic Report)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.specimen"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Specimen"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 123038009 |Specimen|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="SPM segment"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=SPC].specimen"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="704319004 |Inherent in|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.device">
      <path value="Observation.device"/>
      <short value="(Measurement) Device"/>
      <definition value="The device used to generate the observation data."/>
      <comment
               value="An extension should be used if further typing of the device is needed.  Devices used to support obtaining an observation can be represented using either an extension or through the Observation.related element."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.device"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DeviceMetric"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 49062001 |Device|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-17 / PRT -10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="participation[typeCode=DEV]"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="424226004 |Using device|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange"/>
      <short value="Provides guide for interpretation"/>
      <definition
                  value="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range."/>
      <comment
               value="Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient&#39;s age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what values are considered &quot;normal&quot; can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() | (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <constraint>
        <key value="obs-3"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="Must have at least a low or a high or text"/>
        <expression value="low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()"/>
        <xpath value="(exists(f:low) or exists(f:high)or exists(f:text))"/>
      </constraint>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.id">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.extension">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.low">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.low"/>
      <short value="Low Range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The value of the low bound of the reference range.  The low bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is &gt;=5 - &lt;=9).   If the low bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is &lt;=2.3)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.low"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-3"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:IVL_PQ.low"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.high">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.high"/>
      <short value="High Range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The value of the high bound of the reference range.  The high bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is &gt;=5 - &lt;=9).   If the high bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is &gt;= 2.3)."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.high"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
        <profile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-3"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:IVL_PQ.high"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.type">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.type"/>
      <short value="Reference range qualifier"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range."/>
      <comment
               value="This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal range is assumed."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to say what kind of reference range this is - normal, recommended, therapeutic, etc,  - for proper interpretation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationRangeMeaning"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="Code for the meaning of a reference range."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-meaning"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
&lt; 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
&lt; 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
&lt; 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
&lt; 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
&lt; 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"/>
      <short value="Reference range population"/>
      <definition
                  value="Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to.  For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race."/>
      <comment
               value="This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal population is assumed."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Need to be able to identify the target population for proper interpretation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationRangeType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-appliesto"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
&lt; 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
&lt; 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
&lt; 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
&lt; 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
&lt; 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-10"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.age">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.age"/>
      <short value="Applicable age range, if relevant"/>
      <definition
                  value="The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so."/>
      <requirements value="Some analytes vary greatly over age."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.age"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Range"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=PRCN].targetObservationCriterion[code=&quot;age&quot;].value"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.referenceRange.text">
      <path value="Observation.referenceRange.text"/>
      <short value="Text based reference range in an observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation.  An example would be a reference value of &quot;Negative&quot; or a list or table of &#39;normals&#39;."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.referenceRange.text"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value:ST"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related">
      <path value="Observation.related"/>
      <short value="Resource related to this observation"/>
      <definition
                  value="A  reference to another resource (usually another Observation) whose relationship is defined by the relationship type code."/>
      <comment
               value="For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together see [Notes below](observation.html#4.20.4)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Normally, an observation will have either a value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and a set of related observations or sometimes a QuestionnaireResponse from which the measure is derived."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.related"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() | (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="Relationships established by OBX-4 usage"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outBoundRelationship"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related.id">
      <path value="Observation.related.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related.extension">
      <path value="Observation.related.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.related.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related.type">
      <path value="Observation.related.type"/>
      <short
             value="has-member | derived-from | sequel-to | replaces | qualified-by | interfered-by"/>
      <definition
                  value="A code specifying the kind of relationship that exists with the target resource."/>
      <comment
               value="The &quot;derived-from&quot; type is the only logical choice when referencing the QuestionnaireAnswer resource."/>
      <requirements value="A relationship type SHOULD be provided."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.related.type"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationRelationshipType"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="required"/>
        <description value="Codes specifying how two observations are related."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-relationshiptypes"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".typeCode"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.related.target">
      <path value="Observation.related.target"/>
      <short value="Resource that is related to this one"/>
      <definition
                  value="A reference to the observation or [QuestionnaireResponse](questionnaireresponse.html#) resource that is related to this observation."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.related.target"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile
                       value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Reference"/>
        <targetProfile value="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Sequence"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value=".targetObservation"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component">
      <path value="Observation.component"/>
      <short value="Component results"/>
      <definition
                  value="Some observations have multiple component observations.  These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes.  Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations."/>
      <comment
               value="For a discussion on the ways Observations can be assembled in groups together see [Notes](observation.html#notes) below."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Component observations share the same attributes in the Observation resource as the primary observation and are always treated a part of a single observation (they are not separable).   However, the reference range for the primary observation value is not inherited by the component values and is required when appropriate for each component observation."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="BackboneElement"/>
      </type>
      <constraint>
        <key value="ele-1"/>
        <severity value="error"/>
        <human value="All FHIR elements must have a @value or children"/>
        <expression value="hasValue() | (children().count() &gt; id.count())"/>
        <xpath value="@value|f:*|h:div"/>
        <source value="Element"/>
      </constraint>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="containment by OBX-4?"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="outBoundRelationship[typeCode=COMP]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.id">
      <path value="Observation.component.id"/>
      <representation value="xmlAttr"/>
      <short value="xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)"/>
      <definition
                  value="unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.id"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.extension">
      <path value="Observation.component.extension"/>
      <short value="Additional Content defined by implementations"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Element.extension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="n/a"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.modifierExtension">
      <path value="Observation.component.modifierExtension"/>
      <short value="Extensions that cannot be ignored"/>
      <definition
                  value="May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions."/>
      <comment
               value="There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone."/>
      <alias value="extensions"/>
      <alias value="user content"/>
      <alias value="modifiers"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="BackboneElement.modifierExtension"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Extension"/>
      </type>
      <isModifier value="true"/>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.code">
      <path value="Observation.component.code"/>
      <short value="Type of component observation (code / type)"/>
      <definition
                  value="Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation &quot;code&quot;."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation."/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.code"/>
        <min value="1"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationCode"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="example"/>
        <description value="Codes identifying names of simple observations."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-codes"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map
             value="&lt; 363787002 |Observable entity| OR 
&lt; 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-3"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="code"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="w5"/>
        <map value="what"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.component.value[x]"/>
      <short value="Actual component result"/>
      <definition
                  value="The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value."/>
      <comment
               value="Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. A CodeableConcept with just a text would be used instead of a string if the field was usually coded, or if the type associated with the Observation.code defines a coded value.   For boolean values use valueCodeableConcept and select codes from &lt;http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/v2-0136&gt; (these &quot;yes/no&quot; concepts can be mapped to the display name &quot;true/false&quot; or other mutually exclusive terms that may be needed&quot;).  The element, Observation.value[x], has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueRatio, valueChoice, valuePeriod, valueSampleData, or valueString (the name format is &quot;&#39;value&#39; + the type name&quot; with a capital on the first letter of the type)."/>
      <requirements
                    value="An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.value[x]"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="Quantity"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="string"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Range"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Ratio"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="SampledData"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Attachment"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="time"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="Period"/>
      </type>
      <isSummary value="true"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets| &lt; 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363714003 |Interprets|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason">
      <path value="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason"/>
      <short value="Why the component result is missing"/>
      <definition
                  value="Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing."/>
      <comment
               value="&quot;Null&quot; or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  &quot;detected&quot;, &quot;not detected&quot;, &quot;inconclusive&quot;, or  &quot;test not done&quot;.   The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code &quot;error&quot; could be used when the measurement was not completed.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for exceptional values."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.dataAbsentReason"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <condition value="obs-6"/>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationValueAbsentReason"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description
                     value="Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-valueabsentreason"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="N/A"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="value.nullFlavor"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.interpretation">
      <path value="Observation.component.interpretation"/>
      <short value="High, low, normal, etc."/>
      <definition
                  value="The assessment made based on the result of the observation.  Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag."/>
      <comment
               value="The component interpretation applies only to the individual component value.  For an overall interpretation all components together use thes Observation.interpretation element."/>
      <requirements
                    value="For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result."/>
      <alias value="Abnormal Flag"/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.interpretation"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="1"/>
      </base>
      <type>
        <code value="CodeableConcept"/>
      </type>
      <binding>
        <extension
                   url="http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName">
          <valueString value="ObservationInterpretation"/>
        </extension>
        <strength value="extensible"/>
        <description value="Codes identifying interpretations of observations."/>
        <valueSetReference>
          <reference
                     value="http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"/>
        </valueSetReference>
      </binding>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-concept"/>
        <map value="&lt; 260245000 |Findings values|"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX-8"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map value="interpretationCode"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="sct-attr"/>
        <map value="363713009 |Has interpretation|"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.component.referenceRange">
      <path value="Observation.component.referenceRange"/>
      <short value="Provides guide for interpretation of component result"/>
      <definition
                  value="Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range."/>
      <comment
               value="Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient&#39;s age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties."/>
      <requirements
                    value="Knowing what values are considered &quot;normal&quot; can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
      <base>
        <path value="Observation.component.referenceRange"/>
        <min value="0"/>
        <max value="*"/>
      </base>
      <contentReference value="#Observation.referenceRange"/>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="v2"/>
        <map value="OBX.7"/>
      </mapping>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="rim"/>
        <map
             value="outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </snapshot>
  <differential>
    <element id="Observation">
      <path value="Observation"/>
      <short value="premature baby true only if age &lt;= 18 months"/>
      <definition
                  value="This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code."/>
      <min value="0"/>
      <max value="*"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code">
      <path value="Observation.code"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <slicing>
        <discriminator>
          <type value="value"/>
          <path value="code"/>
        </discriminator>
        <ordered value="false"/>
        <rules value="open"/>
      </slicing>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding"/>
      <sliceName value="snomedlmstcode"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.system">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.system"/>
      <type>
        <code value="uri"/>
      </type>
      <fixedUri value="http://snomed.info/sct"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.code">
      <path value="Observation.code.coding.code"/>
      <type>
        <code value="code"/>
      </type>
      <fixedCode value="395507008"/>
    </element>
    <element id="Observation.value[x]">
      <path value="Observation.value[x]"/>
      <min value="1"/>
      <max value="1"/>
      <type>
        <code value="dateTime"/>
      </type>
      <type>
        <code value="boolean"/>
      </type>
      <mapping>
        <identity value="CHMED16A"/>
        <map value="MedicalData.Prem"/>
      </mapping>
    </element>
  </differential>
</StructureDefinition>
{
  "resourceType" : "StructureDefinition",
  "id" : "chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby",
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"><table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><tr style="border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;"><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="The logical name of the element">Name</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Information about the use of the element">Flags</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance">Card.</a></th><th style="width: 100px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Reference to the type of the element">Type</a></th><th style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Additional information about the element">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style="float: right"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.">Observation</span><a name="Observation"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">premature baby true only if age &lt;= 18 months<br/></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">code</span><a name="Observation.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck112.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Slice Definition" class="hierarchy"/> <span style="font-style: italic" title="null">coding</span><a name="Observation.code.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4; font-style: italic" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold; font-style: italic">Slice: </span><span style="font-style: italic">Unordered, Open by value:code</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck105.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_element.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Element" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="Slice snomedlmstcode: null">coding</span><a name="Observation.code.coding"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">*</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#Coding">Coding</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1050.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">system</span><a name="Observation.code.coding.system"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#uri">uri</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">http://snomed.info/sct</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1040.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vline.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_blank.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end_slice.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_primitive.png" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Primitive Data Type" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">code</span><a name="Observation.code.coding.code"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="opacity: 0.4">0</span><span style="opacity: 0.5">..</span><span style="opacity: 0.4">1</span></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a style="opacity: 0.4" href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#code">code</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><span style="font-weight:bold">Fixed Value: </span><span style="color: darkgreen">395507008</span></td></tr>
<tr style="border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;"><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck00.png)" class="hierarchy"><img src="tbl_spacer.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="tbl_vjoin_end.png" alt="." style="background-color: inherit" class="hierarchy"/><img src="icon_choice.gif" alt="." style="background-color: white; background-color: inherit" title="Choice of Types" class="hierarchy"/> <span title="null">value[x]</span><a name="Observation.value_x_"> </a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy">1..1</td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#dateTime">dateTime</a>, <a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#boolean">boolean</a></td><td style="vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px" class="hierarchy"/></tr>
<tr><td colspan="5" class="hierarchy"><br/><a href="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table" title="Legend for this format"><img src="http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/help16.png" alt="doco" style="background-color: inherit"/> Documentation for this format</a></td></tr></table></div>"
  },
  "url" : "http://chmed16af.emediplan.ch/fhir/StructureDefinition/chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby",
  "version" : "1.0.0",
  "name" : "PrematureBaby",
  "title" : "Premature baby",
  "status" : "draft",
  "date" : "2018-10-19T14:36:01+02:00",
  "publisher" : "IG eMediplan",
  "contact" : [
    {
      "telecom" : [
        {
          "system" : "url",
          "value" : "http://www.emediplan.ch"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "description" : "Profile on Oberservation for Premature Baby",
  "fhirVersion" : "3.0.1",
  "mapping" : [
    {
      "identity" : "CHMED16A",
      "uri" : "http://emediplan.ch/chmed16a",
      "name" : "Mapping to CHMED16A"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "workflow",
      "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow",
      "name" : "Workflow Mapping"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "sct-concept",
      "uri" : "http://snomed.info/conceptdomain",
      "name" : "SNOMED CT Concept Domain Binding"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "v2",
      "uri" : "http://hl7.org/v2",
      "name" : "HL7 v2 Mapping"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "rim",
      "uri" : "http://hl7.org/v3",
      "name" : "RIM Mapping"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "w5",
      "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/w5",
      "name" : "W5 Mapping"
    },
    {
      "identity" : "sct-attr",
      "uri" : "http://snomed.info/sct",
      "name" : "SNOMED CT Attribute Binding"
    }
  ],
  "kind" : "resource",
  "abstract" : false,
  "type" : "Observation",
  "baseDefinition" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation",
  "derivation" : "constraint",
  "snapshot" : {
    "element" : [
      {
        "id" : "Observation",
        "path" : "Observation",
        "short" : "premature baby true only if age <= 18 months",
        "definition" : "This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.",
        "comment" : "Used for simple observations such as device measurements, laboratory atomic results, vital signs, height, weight, smoking status, comments, etc.  Other resources are used to provide context for observations such as lab reports, etc.",
        "alias" : [
          "Vital Signs",
          "Measurement",
          "Results",
          "Tests"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "dom-2",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources",
            "expression" : "contained.contained.empty()",
            "xpath" : "not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)",
            "source" : "DomainResource"
          },
          {
            "key" : "dom-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain any narrative",
            "expression" : "contained.text.empty()",
            "xpath" : "not(parent::f:contained and f:text)",
            "source" : "DomainResource"
          },
          {
            "key" : "dom-4",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated",
            "expression" : "contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()",
            "xpath" : "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))",
            "source" : "DomainResource"
          },
          {
            "key" : "dom-3",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource",
            "expression" : "contained.where(('#'+id in %resource.descendants().reference).not()).empty()",
            "xpath" : "not(exists(for $id in f:contained/*/@id return $id[not(ancestor::f:contained/parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $id))]))",
            "source" : "DomainResource"
          },
          {
            "key" : "obs-7",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "If code is the same as a component code then the value element associated with the code SHALL NOT be present",
            "expression" : "value.empty() or code!=component.code",
            "xpath" : "not(exists(f:*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])) or not(count(for $coding in f:code/f:coding return parent::*/f:component/f:code/f:coding[f:code/@value=$coding/f:code/@value and f:system/@value=$coding/f:system/@value])=0)",
            "source" : "Observation"
          },
          {
            "key" : "obs-6",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "dataAbsentReason SHALL only be present if Observation.value[x] is not present",
            "expression" : "dataAbsentReason.empty() or value.empty()",
            "xpath" : "not(exists(f:dataAbsentReason)) or (not(exists(*[starts-with(local-name(.), 'value')])))",
            "source" : "Observation"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "Entity. Role, or Act"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 363787002 |Observable entity|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "Observation[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "clinical.diagnostics"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.id",
        "path" : "Observation.id",
        "short" : "Logical id of this artifact",
        "definition" : "The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.",
        "comment" : "The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Resource.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "id"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.meta",
        "path" : "Observation.meta",
        "short" : "Metadata about the resource",
        "definition" : "The metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content may not always be associated with version changes to the resource.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Resource.meta",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Meta"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.implicitRules",
        "path" : "Observation.implicitRules",
        "short" : "A set of rules under which this content was created",
        "definition" : "A reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content.",
        "comment" : "Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. 

This element is labelled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Resource.implicitRules",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "uri"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "isSummary" : true
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.language",
        "path" : "Observation.language",
        "short" : "Language of the resource content",
        "definition" : "The base language in which the resource is written.",
        "comment" : "Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies  to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource  Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Resource.language",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "code"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet",
              "valueReference" : {
                "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"
              }
            },
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "Language"
            },
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
              "valueBoolean" : true
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "A human language.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"
          }
        }
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.text",
        "path" : "Observation.text",
        "short" : "Text summary of the resource, for human interpretation",
        "definition" : "A human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource, and may be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.",
        "comment" : "Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded in formation is added later.",
        "alias" : [
          "narrative",
          "html",
          "xhtml",
          "display"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "DomainResource.text",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Narrative"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "dom-1"
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "Act.text?"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.contained",
        "path" : "Observation.contained",
        "short" : "Contained, inline Resources",
        "definition" : "These resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.",
        "comment" : "This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again.",
        "alias" : [
          "inline resources",
          "anonymous resources",
          "contained resources"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "DomainResource.contained",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Resource"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.extension",
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "DomainResource.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.modifierExtension",
        "path" : "Observation.modifierExtension",
        "short" : "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "DomainResource.modifierExtension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.identifier",
        "path" : "Observation.identifier",
        "short" : "Business Identifier for observation",
        "definition" : "A unique identifier assigned to this observation.",
        "requirements" : "Allows observations to be distinguished and referenced.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.identifier",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Identifier"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.identifier"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.21  For OBX segments from systems without OBX-21 support a combination of ORC/OBR and OBX must be negotiated between trading partners to uniquely identify the OBX segment. Depending on how V2 has been implemented each of these may be an option: 1) OBR-3 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) OBR-3 + OBR-4 + OBX-3 + OBX-4 or 2) some other way to uniquely ID the OBR/ORC + OBX-3 + OBX-4."
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "id"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "id"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.basedOn",
        "path" : "Observation.basedOn",
        "short" : "Fulfills plan, proposal or order",
        "definition" : "A plan, proposal or order that is fulfilled in whole or in part by this event.",
        "requirements" : "Allows tracing of authorization for the event and tracking whether proposals/recommendations were acted upon.",
        "alias" : [
          "Fulfills"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.basedOn",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/CarePlan"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DeviceRequest"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ImmunizationRecommendation"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/MedicationRequest"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/NutritionOrder"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ProcedureRequest"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ReferralRequest"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.basedOn"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "ORC"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : ".outboundRelationship[typeCode=FLFS].target"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.status",
        "extension" : [
          {
            "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-display-hint",
            "valueString" : "default: final"
          }
        ],
        "path" : "Observation.status",
        "short" : "registered | preliminary | final | amended +",
        "definition" : "The status of the result value.",
        "comment" : "This element is labeled as a modifier because the status contains codes that mark the resource as not currently valid.",
        "requirements" : "Need to track the status of individual results. Some results are finalized before the whole report is finalized.",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.status",
          "min" : 1,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "code"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "isSummary" : true,
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationStatus"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "required",
          "description" : "Codes providing the status of an observation.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-status"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.status"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 445584004 |Report by finality status|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-11"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "status  Amended & Final are differentiated by whether it is the subject of a ControlAct event with a type of "revise""
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "status"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.category",
        "path" : "Observation.category",
        "short" : "Classification of  type of observation",
        "definition" : "A code that classifies the general type of observation being made.",
        "comment" : "In addition to the required category valueset, this element allows various categorization schemes based on the owner’s definition of the category and effectively multiple categories can be used at once.  The level of granularity is defined by the category concepts in the value set.",
        "requirements" : "Used for filtering what observations are retrieved and displayed.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.category",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationCategory"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "preferred",
          "description" : "Codes for high level observation categories.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-category"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : ".outboundRelationship[typeCode="COMP].target[classCode="LIST", moodCode="EVN"].code"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "class"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code",
        "path" : "Observation.code",
        "short" : "Type of observation (code / type)",
        "definition" : "Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation "name".",
        "requirements" : "Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation.",
        "alias" : [
          "Name"
        ],
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.code",
          "min" : 1,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationCode"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "example",
          "description" : "Codes identifying names of simple observations.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-codes"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.code"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 363787002 |Observable entity| OR < 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-3"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "code"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "116680003 |Is a|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "what"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.id",
        "path" : "Observation.code.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition" : "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.code.extension",
        "slicing" : {
          "discriminator" : [
            {
              "type" : "value",
              "path" : "url"
            }
          ],
          "description" : "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules" : "open"
        },
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "slicing" : {
          "discriminator" : [
            {
              "type" : "value",
              "path" : "code"
            }
          ],
          "ordered" : false,
          "rules" : "open"
        },
        "short" : "Code defined by a terminology system",
        "definition" : "A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.",
        "comment" : "Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.",
        "requirements" : "Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system.  Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "CodeableConcept.coding",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "union(., ./translation)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "sliceName" : "snomedlmstcode",
        "short" : "Code defined by a terminology system",
        "definition" : "A reference to a code defined by a terminology system.",
        "comment" : "Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations, or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.  Ordering of codings is undefined and SHALL NOT be used to infer meaning. Generally, at most only one of the coding values will be labeled as UserSelected = true.",
        "requirements" : "Allows for translations and alternate encodings within a code system.  Also supports communication of the same instance to systems requiring different encodings.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "CodeableConcept.coding",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Coding"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.1-8, C*E.10-22"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "union(., ./translation)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:CodeableConcept.coding rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.coding"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.id",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition" : "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.extension",
        "slicing" : {
          "discriminator" : [
            {
              "type" : "value",
              "path" : "url"
            }
          ],
          "description" : "Extensions are always sliced by (at least) url",
          "rules" : "open"
        },
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.system",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.system",
        "short" : "Identity of the terminology system",
        "definition" : "The identification of the code system that defines the meaning of the symbol in the code.",
        "comment" : "The URI may be an OID (urn:oid:...) or a UUID (urn:uuid:...).  OIDs and UUIDs SHALL be references to the HL7 OID registry. Otherwise, the URI should come from HL7's list of FHIR defined special URIs or it should de-reference to some definition that establish the system clearly and unambiguously.",
        "requirements" : "Need to be unambiguous about the source of the definition of the symbol.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Coding.system",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "uri"
          }
        ],
        "fixedUri" : "http://snomed.info/sct",
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.3"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "./codeSystem"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:Coding.system rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.version",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.version",
        "short" : "Version of the system - if relevant",
        "definition" : "The version of the code system which was used when choosing this code. Note that a well-maintained code system does not need the version reported, because the meaning of codes is consistent across versions. However this cannot consistently be assured. and when the meaning is not guaranteed to be consistent, the version SHOULD be exchanged.",
        "comment" : "Where the terminology does not clearly define what string should be used to identify code system versions, the recommendation is to use the date (expressed in FHIR date format) on which that version was officially published as the version date.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Coding.version",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "./codeSystemVersion"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:Coding.version rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.codeSystemVersion"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.code",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.code",
        "short" : "Symbol in syntax defined by the system",
        "definition" : "A symbol in syntax defined by the system. The symbol may be a predefined code or an expression in a syntax defined by the coding system (e.g. post-coordination).",
        "requirements" : "Need to refer to a particular code in the system.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Coding.code",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "code"
          }
        ],
        "fixedCode" : "395507008",
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.1"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "./code"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:Coding.code rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.code"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.display",
        "extension" : [
          {
            "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean" : true
          }
        ],
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.display",
        "short" : "Representation defined by the system",
        "definition" : "A representation of the meaning of the code in the system, following the rules of the system.",
        "requirements" : "Need to be able to carry a human-readable meaning of the code for readers that do not know  the system.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Coding.display",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.2 - but note this is not well followed"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "CV.displayName"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:Coding.display rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CDCoding.displayName"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.userSelected",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.userSelected",
        "short" : "If this coding was chosen directly by the user",
        "definition" : "Indicates that this coding was chosen by a user directly - i.e. off a pick list of available items (codes or displays).",
        "comment" : "Amongst a set of alternatives, a directly chosen code is the most appropriate starting point for new translations. There is some ambiguity about what exactly 'directly chosen' implies, and trading partner agreement may be needed to clarify the use of this element and its consequences more completely.",
        "requirements" : "This has been identified as a clinical safety criterium - that this exact system/code pair was chosen explicitly, rather than inferred by the system based on some rules or language processing.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Coding.userSelected",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "Sometimes implied by being first"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "CD.codingRationale"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:mapsTo dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected fhir:hasMap fhir:Coding.userSelected.map. fhir:Coding.userSelected.map a fhir:Map;   fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale. fhir:Coding.userSelected\#true a [     fhir:source "true";     fhir:target dt:CDCoding.codingRationale\#O   ]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.text",
        "extension" : [
          {
            "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-translatable",
            "valueBoolean" : true
          }
        ],
        "path" : "Observation.code.text",
        "short" : "Plain text representation of the concept",
        "definition" : "A human language representation of the concept as seen/selected/uttered by the user who entered the data and/or which represents the intended meaning of the user.",
        "comment" : "Very often the text is the same as a displayName of one of the codings.",
        "requirements" : "The codes from the terminologies do not always capture the correct meaning with all the nuances of the human using them, or sometimes there is no appropriate code at all. In these cases, the text is used to capture the full meaning of the source.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "CodeableConcept.text",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "C*E.9. But note many systems use C*E.2 for this"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "./originalText[mediaType/code="text/plain"]/data"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "orim",
            "map" : "fhir:CodeableConcept.text rdfs:subPropertyOf dt:CD.originalText"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.subject",
        "path" : "Observation.subject",
        "short" : "Who and/or what this is about",
        "definition" : "The patient, or group of patients, location, or device whose characteristics (direct or indirect) are described by the observation and into whose record the observation is placed.  Comments: Indirect characteristics may be those of a specimen, fetus, donor,  other observer (for example a relative or EMT), or any observation made about the subject.",
        "comment" : "One would expect this element to be a cardinality  of 1..1.  The only circumstance in which the subject can be missing is when the observation is made by a device that does not know the patient. In this case, the observation SHALL be matched to a patient through some context/channel matching technique, and at this point, the observation should be updated.

If the target of the observation is different than the subject, the general extension [observation-focal-subject](extension-observation-focal-subject.html).  may be used.  However, the distinction between the patient's own value for an observation versus that of the fetus, or the donor or blood product unit, etc., are often specified in the observation code.",
        "requirements" : "Observations have no value if you don't know who or what they're about.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.subject",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Location"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.subject"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "PID-3"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "participation[typeCode=SBJ]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "who.focus"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.context",
        "path" : "Observation.context",
        "short" : "Healthcare event during which this observation is made",
        "definition" : "The healthcare event  (e.g. a patient and healthcare provider interaction) during which this observation is made.",
        "comment" : "This will typically be the encounter the event occurred within, but some events may be initiated prior to or after the official completion of an encounter or episode but still be tied to the context of the encounter or episode (e.g. pre-admission lab tests).",
        "requirements" : "For some observations it may be important to know the link between an observation and a particular encounter.",
        "alias" : [
          "Encounter"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.context",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Encounter"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/EpisodeOfCare"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.context"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "PV1"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "inboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].source[classCode=ENC, moodCode=EVN]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "context"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.effective[x]",
        "path" : "Observation.effective[x]",
        "short" : "Clinically relevant time/time-period for observation",
        "definition" : "The time or time-period the observed value is asserted as being true. For biological subjects - e.g. human patients - this is usually called the "physiologically relevant time". This is usually either the time of the procedure or of specimen collection, but very often the source of the date/time is not known, only the date/time itself.",
        "comment" : "At least a date should be present unless this observation is a historical report.",
        "requirements" : "Knowing when an observation was deemed true is important to its relevance as well as determining trends.",
        "alias" : [
          "Occurrence"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.effective[x]",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "dateTime"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Period"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.occurrence[x]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-14, and/or OBX-19 after v2.4  (depends on who observation made)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "effectiveTime"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "when.done"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.issued",
        "path" : "Observation.issued",
        "short" : "Date/Time this was made available",
        "definition" : "The date and time this observation was made available to providers, typically after the results have been reviewed and verified.",
        "comment" : "Updated when the result is updated.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.issued",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "instant"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBR.22 (or MSH.7), or perhaps OBX-19 (depends on who observation made)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "participation[typeCode=AUT].time"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "when.recorded"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.performer",
        "path" : "Observation.performer",
        "short" : "Who is responsible for the observation",
        "definition" : "Who was responsible for asserting the observed value as "true".",
        "requirements" : "May give a degree of confidence in the observation and also indicates where follow-up questions should be directed.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.performer",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.performer"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.15 / (Practitioner)  OBX-16,  PRT-5:PRT-4='RO' /  (Device)  OBX-18 , PRT-10:PRT-4='EQUIP' / (Organization)  OBX-23,  PRT-8:PRT-4='PO'"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "participation[typeCode=PRF]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "who.actor"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.value[x]",
        "path" : "Observation.value[x]",
        "short" : "Actual result",
        "definition" : "The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.",
        "comment" : "Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. This element has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueString, valueBoolean, valueRange, valueRatio, valueSampledData, valueAttachment, valueTime, valueDateTime, or valuePeriod. (The name format is "'value' + the type name" with a capital on the first letter of the type).


If the data element is usually coded or if the type associated with the Observation.value defines a coded value, use CodeableConcept instead of string datatype even if the value is uncoded text.  A value set is bound to the ValueCodeableConcept element.    For further discussion and examples see the  [notes section](observation.html#notes) below.",
        "requirements" : "An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations.",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.value[x]",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "dateTime"
          },
          {
            "code" : "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "obs-7"
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.notDone, Event.notDoneReason  (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "363714003 |Interprets|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "CHMED16A",
            "map" : "MedicalData.Prem"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.dataAbsentReason",
        "path" : "Observation.dataAbsentReason",
        "short" : "Why the result is missing",
        "definition" : "Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.",
        "comment" : "Null or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  "detected", "not detected", "inconclusive", or  "specimen unsatisfactory".   The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code "error" could be used when the measurement was not completed. Note that an observation may only be reported if there are values to report. For example differential cell counts values may be reported only when > 0.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for null or exceptional values.",
        "requirements" : "For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.dataAbsentReason",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "obs-6"
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationValueAbsentReason"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-valueabsentreason"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.notDone, Event.notDoneReason  (maps to valeu[x] or dataAbsentReason)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "N/A"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value.nullFlavor"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.interpretation",
        "path" : "Observation.interpretation",
        "short" : "High, low, normal, etc.",
        "definition" : "The assessment made based on the result of the observation.  Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag.",
        "requirements" : "For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.",
        "alias" : [
          "Abnormal Flag"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.interpretation",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationInterpretation"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "Codes identifying interpretations of observations.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 260245000 |Findings values|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-8"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "interpretationCode"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "363713009 |Has interpretation|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.comment",
        "path" : "Observation.comment",
        "short" : "Comments about result",
        "definition" : "May include statements about significant, unexpected or unreliable values, or information about the source of the value where this may be relevant to the interpretation of the result.",
        "requirements" : "Need to be able to provide free text additional information.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.comment",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "workflow",
            "map" : "Event.note"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "NTE.3 (partner NTE to OBX, or sometimes another (child?) OBX)"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "subjectOf.observationEvent[code="annotation"].value"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.bodySite",
        "path" : "Observation.bodySite",
        "short" : "Observed body part",
        "definition" : "Indicates the site on the subject's body where the observation was made (i.e. the target site).",
        "comment" : "Only used if not implicit in code found in Observation.code.  In many systems, this may be represented as a related observation instead of an inline component.   If the use case requires BodySite to be handled as a separate resource (e.g. to identify and track separately) then use the standard extension[ body-site-instance](extension-body-site-instance.html).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.bodySite",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "BodySite"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "example",
          "description" : "Codes describing anatomical locations. May include laterality.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/body-site"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 123037004 |Body structure|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-20"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "targetSiteCode"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "718497002 |Inherent location|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.method",
        "path" : "Observation.method",
        "short" : "How it was done",
        "definition" : "Indicates the mechanism used to perform the observation.",
        "comment" : "Only used if not implicit in code for Observation.code.",
        "requirements" : "In some cases, method can impact results and is thus used for determining whether results can be compared or determining significance of results.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.method",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationMethod"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "example",
          "description" : "Methods for simple observations.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-methods"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-17"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "methodCode"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.specimen",
        "path" : "Observation.specimen",
        "short" : "Specimen used for this observation",
        "definition" : "The specimen that was used when this observation was made.",
        "comment" : "Should only be used if not implicit in code found in `Observation.code`.  Observations are not made on specimens themselves; they are made on a subject, but in many cases by the means of a specimen. Note that although specimens are often involved, they are not always tracked and reported explicitly. Also note that observation resources may be used in contexts that track the specimen explicitly (e.g. Diagnostic Report).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.specimen",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Specimen"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 123038009 |Specimen|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "SPM segment"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "participation[typeCode=SPC].specimen"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "704319004 |Inherent in|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.device",
        "path" : "Observation.device",
        "short" : "(Measurement) Device",
        "definition" : "The device used to generate the observation data.",
        "comment" : "An extension should be used if further typing of the device is needed.  Devices used to support obtaining an observation can be represented using either an extension or through the Observation.related element.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.device",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Device"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DeviceMetric"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 49062001 |Device|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-17 / PRT -10"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "participation[typeCode=DEV]"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "424226004 |Using device|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange",
        "short" : "Provides guide for interpretation",
        "definition" : "Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.",
        "comment" : "Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.",
        "requirements" : "Knowing what values are considered "normal" can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "Element"
          },
          {
            "key" : "obs-3",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "Must have at least a low or a high or text",
            "expression" : "low.exists() or high.exists() or text.exists()",
            "xpath" : "(exists(f:low) or exists(f:high)or exists(f:text))"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.id",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition" : "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.extension",
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.modifierExtension",
        "short" : "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.low",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.low",
        "short" : "Low Range, if relevant",
        "definition" : "The value of the low bound of the reference range.  The low bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is >=5 - <=9).   If the low bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is <=2.3).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.low",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Quantity",
            "profile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "obs-3"
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value:IVL_PQ.low"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.high",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.high",
        "short" : "High Range, if relevant",
        "definition" : "The value of the high bound of the reference range.  The high bound of the reference range endpoint is inclusive of the value (e.g.  reference range is >=5 - <=9).   If the high bound is omitted,  it is assumed to be meaningless (e.g. reference range is >= 2.3).",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.high",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Quantity",
            "profile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/SimpleQuantity"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "obs-3"
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value:IVL_PQ.high"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.type",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.type",
        "short" : "Reference range qualifier",
        "definition" : "Codes to indicate the what part of the targeted reference population it applies to. For example, the normal or therapeutic range.",
        "comment" : "This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal range is assumed.",
        "requirements" : "Need to be able to say what kind of reference range this is - normal, recommended, therapeutic, etc,  - for proper interpretation.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.type",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationRangeMeaning"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "Code for the meaning of a reference range.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-meaning"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
< 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
< 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
< 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
< 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
< 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-10"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "interpretationCode"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo",
        "short" : "Reference range population",
        "definition" : "Codes to indicate the target population this reference range applies to.  For example, a reference range may be based on the normal population or a particular sex or race.",
        "comment" : "This SHOULD be populated if there is more than one range.  If this element is not present then the normal population is assumed.",
        "requirements" : "Need to be able to identify the target population for proper interpretation.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.appliesTo",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationRangeType"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "example",
          "description" : "Codes identifying the population the reference range applies to.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/referencerange-appliesto"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 260245000 |Findings values| OR  
< 365860008 |General clinical state finding| 
OR 
< 250171008 |Clinical history or observation findings| OR  
< 415229000 |Racial group| OR 
< 365400002 |Finding of puberty stage| OR
< 443938003 |Procedure carried out on subject|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-10"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "interpretationCode"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.age",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.age",
        "short" : "Applicable age range, if relevant",
        "definition" : "The age at which this reference range is applicable. This is a neonatal age (e.g. number of weeks at term) if the meaning says so.",
        "requirements" : "Some analytes vary greatly over age.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.age",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Range"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "outboundRelationship[typeCode=PRCN].targetObservationCriterion[code="age"].value"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.referenceRange.text",
        "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.text",
        "short" : "Text based reference range in an observation",
        "definition" : "Text based reference range in an observation which may be used when a quantitative range is not appropriate for an observation.  An example would be a reference value of "Negative" or a list or table of 'normals'.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.referenceRange.text",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value:ST"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related",
        "path" : "Observation.related",
        "short" : "Resource related to this observation",
        "definition" : "A  reference to another resource (usually another Observation) whose relationship is defined by the relationship type code.",
        "comment" : "For a discussion on the ways Observations can assembled in groups together see [Notes below](observation.html#4.20.4).",
        "requirements" : "Normally, an observation will have either a value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and a set of related observations or sometimes a QuestionnaireResponse from which the measure is derived.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.related",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "Element"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "Relationships established by OBX-4 usage"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "outBoundRelationship"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related.id",
        "path" : "Observation.related.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition" : "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.related.extension",
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related.modifierExtension",
        "path" : "Observation.related.modifierExtension",
        "short" : "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related.type",
        "path" : "Observation.related.type",
        "short" : "has-member | derived-from | sequel-to | replaces | qualified-by | interfered-by",
        "definition" : "A code specifying the kind of relationship that exists with the target resource.",
        "comment" : "The "derived-from" type is the only logical choice when referencing the QuestionnaireAnswer resource.",
        "requirements" : "A relationship type SHOULD be provided.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.related.type",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "code"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationRelationshipType"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "required",
          "description" : "Codes specifying how two observations are related.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-relationshiptypes"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "N/A"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : ".typeCode"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.related.target",
        "path" : "Observation.related.target",
        "short" : "Resource that is related to this one",
        "definition" : "A reference to the observation or [QuestionnaireResponse](questionnaireresponse.html#) resource that is related to this observation.",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.related.target",
          "min" : 1,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/QuestionnaireResponse"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Reference",
            "targetProfile" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Sequence"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : ".targetObservation"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component",
        "path" : "Observation.component",
        "short" : "Component results",
        "definition" : "Some observations have multiple component observations.  These component observations are expressed as separate code value pairs that share the same attributes.  Examples include systolic and diastolic component observations for blood pressure measurement and multiple component observations for genetics observations.",
        "comment" : "For a discussion on the ways Observations can be assembled in groups together see [Notes](observation.html#notes) below.",
        "requirements" : "Component observations share the same attributes in the Observation resource as the primary observation and are always treated a part of a single observation (they are not separable).   However, the reference range for the primary observation value is not inherited by the component values and is required when appropriate for each component observation.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "BackboneElement"
          }
        ],
        "constraint" : [
          {
            "key" : "ele-1",
            "severity" : "error",
            "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
            "expression" : "hasValue() | (children().count() > id.count())",
            "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
            "source" : "Element"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "containment by OBX-4?"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "outBoundRelationship[typeCode=COMP]"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.id",
        "path" : "Observation.component.id",
        "representation" : [
          "xmlAttr"
        ],
        "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
        "definition" : "unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.id",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "string"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.extension",
        "path" : "Observation.component.extension",
        "short" : "Additional Content defined by implementations",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Element.extension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "n/a"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.modifierExtension",
        "path" : "Observation.component.modifierExtension",
        "short" : "Extensions that cannot be ignored",
        "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. In order to make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.",
        "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
        "alias" : [
          "extensions",
          "user content",
          "modifiers"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Extension"
          }
        ],
        "isModifier" : true,
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "N/A"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.code",
        "path" : "Observation.component.code",
        "short" : "Type of component observation (code / type)",
        "definition" : "Describes what was observed. Sometimes this is called the observation "code".",
        "requirements" : "Knowing what kind of observation is being made is essential to understanding the observation.",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component.code",
          "min" : 1,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationCode"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "example",
          "description" : "Codes identifying names of simple observations.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-codes"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 363787002 |Observable entity| OR 
< 386053000 |Evaluation procedure|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-3"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "code"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "w5",
            "map" : "what"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.value[x]",
        "path" : "Observation.component.value[x]",
        "short" : "Actual component result",
        "definition" : "The information determined as a result of making the observation, if the information has a simple value.",
        "comment" : "Normally, an observation will have either a single value or a set of related observations. A few observations (e.g. Apgar score) may have both a value and related observations (for an Apgar score, the observations from which the measure is derived). If a value is present, the datatype for this element should be determined by Observation.code. A CodeableConcept with just a text would be used instead of a string if the field was usually coded, or if the type associated with the Observation.code defines a coded value.   For boolean values use valueCodeableConcept and select codes from <http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/v2-0136> (these "yes/no" concepts can be mapped to the display name "true/false" or other mutually exclusive terms that may be needed").  The element, Observation.value[x], has a variable name depending on the type as follows: valueQuantity, valueCodeableConcept, valueRatio, valueChoice, valuePeriod, valueSampleData, or valueString (the name format is "'value' + the type name" with a capital on the first letter of the type).",
        "requirements" : "An observation exists to have a value, though it may not if it is in error, or if it represents a group of observations.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component.value[x]",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "Quantity"
          },
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          },
          {
            "code" : "string"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Range"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Ratio"
          },
          {
            "code" : "SampledData"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Attachment"
          },
          {
            "code" : "time"
          },
          {
            "code" : "dateTime"
          },
          {
            "code" : "Period"
          }
        ],
        "isSummary" : true,
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "363714003 |Interprets| < 441742003 |Evaluation finding|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.2, OBX.5, OBX.6"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "363714003 |Interprets|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.dataAbsentReason",
        "path" : "Observation.component.dataAbsentReason",
        "short" : "Why the component result is missing",
        "definition" : "Provides a reason why the expected value in the element Observation.value[x] is missing.",
        "comment" : ""Null" or exceptional values can be represented two ways in FHIR Observations.  One way is to simply include them in the value set and represent the exceptions in the value.  For example, measurement values for a serology test could be  "detected", "not detected", "inconclusive", or  "test not done".   The alternate way is to use the value element for actual observations and use the explicit dataAbsentReason element to record exceptional values.  For example, the dataAbsentReason code "error" could be used when the measurement was not completed.  Because of these options, use-case agreements are required to interpret general observations for exceptional values.",
        "requirements" : "For many results it is necessary to handle exceptional values in measurements.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component.dataAbsentReason",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "condition" : [
          "obs-6"
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationValueAbsentReason"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "Codes specifying why the result (Observation.value[x]) is missing.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-valueabsentreason"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "N/A"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "value.nullFlavor"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.interpretation",
        "path" : "Observation.component.interpretation",
        "short" : "High, low, normal, etc.",
        "definition" : "The assessment made based on the result of the observation.  Intended as a simple compact code often placed adjacent to the result value in reports and flow sheets to signal the meaning/normalcy status of the result. Otherwise known as abnormal flag.",
        "comment" : "The component interpretation applies only to the individual component value.  For an overall interpretation all components together use thes Observation.interpretation element.",
        "requirements" : "For some results, particularly numeric results, an interpretation is necessary to fully understand the significance of a result.",
        "alias" : [
          "Abnormal Flag"
        ],
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component.interpretation",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "1"
        },
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "CodeableConcept"
          }
        ],
        "binding" : {
          "extension" : [
            {
              "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
              "valueString" : "ObservationInterpretation"
            }
          ],
          "strength" : "extensible",
          "description" : "Codes identifying interpretations of observations.",
          "valueSetReference" : {
            "reference" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/observation-interpretation"
          }
        },
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "sct-concept",
            "map" : "< 260245000 |Findings values|"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX-8"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "interpretationCode"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "sct-attr",
            "map" : "363713009 |Has interpretation|"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.component.referenceRange",
        "path" : "Observation.component.referenceRange",
        "short" : "Provides guide for interpretation of component result",
        "definition" : "Guidance on how to interpret the value by comparison to a normal or recommended range.",
        "comment" : "Most observations only have one generic reference range. Systems MAY choose to restrict to only supplying the relevant reference range based on knowledge about the patient (e.g., specific to the patient's age, gender, weight and other factors), but this may not be possible or appropriate. Whenever more than one reference range is supplied, the differences between them SHOULD be provided in the reference range and/or age properties.",
        "requirements" : "Knowing what values are considered "normal" can help evaluate the significance of a particular result. Need to be able to provide multiple reference ranges for different contexts.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*",
        "base" : {
          "path" : "Observation.component.referenceRange",
          "min" : 0,
          "max" : "*"
        },
        "contentReference" : "#Observation.referenceRange",
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "v2",
            "map" : "OBX.7"
          },
          {
            "identity" : "rim",
            "map" : "outboundRelationship[typeCode=REFV]/target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=EVN]"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  "differential" : {
    "element" : [
      {
        "id" : "Observation",
        "path" : "Observation",
        "short" : "premature baby true only if age <= 18 months",
        "definition" : "This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code",
        "path" : "Observation.code"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "slicing" : {
          "discriminator" : [
            {
              "type" : "value",
              "path" : "code"
            }
          ],
          "ordered" : false,
          "rules" : "open"
        }
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding",
        "sliceName" : "snomedlmstcode"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.system",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.system",
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "uri"
          }
        ],
        "fixedUri" : "http://snomed.info/sct"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.code.coding:snomedlmstcode.code",
        "path" : "Observation.code.coding.code",
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "code"
          }
        ],
        "fixedCode" : "395507008"
      },
      {
        "id" : "Observation.value[x]",
        "path" : "Observation.value[x]",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1",
        "type" : [
          {
            "code" : "dateTime"
          },
          {
            "code" : "boolean"
          }
        ],
        "mapping" : [
          {
            "identity" : "CHMED16A",
            "map" : "MedicalData.Prem"
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
}
@prefix fhir: <http://hl7.org/fhir/> .
@prefix owl: <http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#> .
@prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> .
@prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .

# - resource -------------------------------------------------------------------

 a fhir:StructureDefinition;
  fhir:nodeRole fhir:treeRoot;
  fhir:Resource.id [ fhir:value "chmed16af-obs-prematurebaby"];
  fhir:DomainResource.text [
     fhir:Narrative.status [ fhir:value "generated" ];
     fhir:Narrative.div "<div xmlns=\"http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml\"><table border=\"0\" cellpadding=\"0\" cellspacing=\"0\" style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;\"><tr style=\"border: 1px #F0F0F0 solid; font-size: 11px; font-family: verdana; vertical-align: top;\"><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"The logical name of the element\">Name</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"Information about the use of the element\">Flags</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"Minimum and Maximum # of times the the element can appear in the instance\">Card.</a></th><th style=\"width: 100px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"Reference to the type of the element\">Type</a></th><th style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"Additional information about the element\">Description &amp; Constraints</a><span style=\"float: right\"><a href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/formats.html#table\" title=\"Legend for this format\"><img src=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/help16.png\" alt=\"doco\" style=\"background-color: inherit\"/></a></span></th></tr><tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck1.png)\" class=\"hierarchy\"><img src=\"tbl_spacer.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"icon_element.gif\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: white; background-color: inherit\" title=\"Element\" class=\"hierarchy\"/> <span title=\"This profile defines  how to represent a premature baby in FHIR using a standard SNOMED CT code.\">Observation</span><a name=\"Observation\"> </a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"opacity: 0.4\">0</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">..</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.4\">*</span></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\">premature baby true only if age &lt;= 18 months<br/></td></tr>\r\n<tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px; white-space: nowrap; background-image: url(tbl_bck11.png)\" class=\"hierarchy\"><img src=\"tbl_spacer.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"tbl_vjoin.png\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: inherit\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><img src=\"icon_element.gif\" alt=\".\" style=\"background-color: white; background-color: inherit\" title=\"Element\" class=\"hierarchy\"/> <span title=\"null\">code</span><a name=\"Observation.code\"> </a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><span style=\"opacity: 0.4\">1</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.5\">..</span><span style=\"opacity: 0.4\">1</span></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"><a style=\"opacity: 0.4\" href=\"http://hl7.org/fhir/STU3/datatypes.html#CodeableConcept\">CodeableConcept</a></td><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left; background-color: white; border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px 4px 0px 4px\" class=\"hierarchy\"/></tr>\r\n<tr style=\"border: 0px #F0F0F0 solid; padding:0px; vertical-align: top; background-color: white;\"><td style=\"vertical-align: top; text-align : left